Last Updated on February 9, 2021
The last thing we want for our dogs is to get sick, let alone developing a rare dog disease that is not even known yet! We often talk about the common dog diseases, and luckily, they are curable. The chances for your pooch to get these illnesses are very slim, but it’s smart for all dog owners to be aware and educate themselves. In case your dog ever got one of these diseases, you will at least be familiar with the causes and symptoms. Here are 5 of the rarest dog diseases that every dog parent needs to know.
1. Alopecia X
Alopecia X is when there is an absence of hair on your dog. The “X” in the name indicates that scientists haven’t yet understood why this condition is happening, why, or when! Dogs with this condition go through a gradual hair loss over the sides of their bodies. At first, you may notice those areas covered with a fuzzy puppy coat, but then it starts falling out. There is no treatment for this rare dog disease because it’s purely a cosmetic concern, but your vet may prescribe a few medications that suppress adrenal functions or hormone supplements.
2. Malignant Hyperthermia
If a dog has malignant hyperthermia, he may develop a dangerously high fever in response to many simple triggers, including excitement, stress, activities, etc. Pups with this rare dog disease have malfunctioning channels in the cells of their muscles that lead them to contract then fail to relax. High body temperature can cause severe metabolic changes, organ failure, uneven and rapid heart rhythm, and sometimes death. This disease can be controlled by intravenous administration of the drug dantrolene. And it’s best to avoid any situation that can initiate an attack, and always keep your furry friend in a cool environment.
3. Ectopic Ureter
When a young dog leaves dribbles and puddles of urine everywhere, we mostly think of poor training or urinary tract infection
. But if the two reasons are ruled out, then it might be Ectopic Ureter. This is a rare canine congenital disability that causes the tubes that carry urine from kidneys to the bladder to empty everything away from the right location. This rare dog disease may affect only one or both tubes, so the most effective solution is surgery. But mostly, medications and other treatments can be helpful, too.