Last Updated on February 3, 2021
Dogs love to stay on the balcony warming up and receiving the sun’s kisses. While this is healthy from time to time, too much exposure to UV rays can end up causing heatstroke in dogs. Animals, unlike us humans, do not have sweat glands. That is, they do not sweat through the skin, but the footpads and the wheezing of the nose. That’s why heat dissipation is slower in dogs. As an effect of that, the internal heat increases, and the body cannot lower the temperature by itself. Therefore, it is important to know how to recognize the signs and which dog breeds have the greatest pre-dispositions to heatstroke.
1. Chow Chow
This dog breed is the champion of the incidences of heat-related illnesses. In addition to having the brachycephalic skull
, characterized by a shortened head, a flat face, and a short nose, it makes up a dense and voluminous coat. According to researchers, the body’s cooling mechanisms are much less effective in breeds with these characteristics.
Bulldog won the silver medal in this competition. But nobody wants to win it, right? The formation of the respiratory apparatus in this breed has specificities such as smaller nostrils, longer soft palate, larger tongue, and narrower trachea. That’s why this breed is regularly cited as a case study in medical guidelines on heatstroke in dogs.
3. French Bulldog
For reasons very similar to their English brothers, French Bulldogs are brachycephalic. If you have one of these, you must be very careful with the heat and physical exercise, as this breed is extremely susceptible to sunstroke. In these cases, one should take more extreme preventive measures during the summer and never take them for a walk in the hottest hours of the day.
4. Dogue de Bordeaux
The Dogue de Bordeaux needs at least three daily walks to stay in shape and exercise moderately. It is important to understand that, due to its morphology, this dog breed is susceptible to make breathing and insolation difficult, so it should never be exposed to high temperatures without the possibility of drinking water or taking refuge in the shade. Use a type of muzzle that allows your dog to breathe quickly. If he is still panting and prostrating, be alert as these are the main symptoms of heatstroke in dogs.